A mass drug administration on
Filariasis was conducted last October 18, 2011 from 8:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. to teachers, schoolchildren and
parents at Vicente Hizon Elementary School by Barangay Hizon Health Workers.
Spearheading the activity was Ms.
Emily Villagonzalo, RN/Midwife assigned at Barangay Hizon Health Center
together with the Barangay Volunteer Health Workers. Present also was Ms. Casandra Alonto Maderse, Population Worker, Population Division, City Health Office, who also conducted simultaneously an Information and Education Campaign (IEC) on Filariases and IEC on Population Program.
Filariases is a disease transmitted through mosquito bites and if not avoided, will result to constant fever, severe headache,
swelling of feet, legs, thighs, hands, testicles, mammary glands and arms. It will also cause
lymph nodes on the iliac area and armpits. A white discoloration of urine will
also be evident during the acquisition of the disease.
The free medicines dispensed were a combination of Diethylcarbamazine citrate 50mg/tab. and Albendazole 400mg/tab - the dosage depends upon the age of the patient and taken through oral intake.
The activity was under the continuing program lined up this year by the City Health and being fully -supported by the Chairman on the Committee of Health and Social Services,
Kagawad Erico R. Talili and the Punong Barangay Ralph O. Abella. Sec Red
FILARIASIS IN THE PHILIPPINES
645,232 cases of filariasis (both forms) were estimated for the Philippines during 1963 to 1996
Time and Place:
- Bancroftian filariasis is endemic to southern Luzon, Mindanao, Mindoro, Palawan, Samar, Leyte, Sorsogon and Bohol.
- 43 of 63 provinces were endemic n 1960; 45 of 77 provinces as of 1996 4 ; 290 municipalities as of 2001; 351 of 1,566 municipalities as of 2003; 39 of 79 provinces as of 2004.
- Cases have recently been registered in Marinduque.
- Both forms of filariasis (W. bancrofti and B. malayi) coexist in only four provinces: Davao Oriental, Palawan, Eastern and Northern Samar 6 and Surigao del Sur.
- In 1984, 20 million persons were considered at risk for filariasis (both W. bancrofti and B. malayi) in the Philippines; 23.5 million in 2002; 15,034,765 in 2006; 21,882,581 in 2007.
- Only two provinces (Marinduque and Sulu) were considered ‘high prevalence’ areas (>10%) as of 1993.
Disease in the Philippines is nocturnally periodic.
37% of males and 17% of females in a village on Cataduanes (microfilaremia, 1978 publication)
13% in Bayanan and 3.4% in Manganan (Mindoro, microfilaremia, 2004 publication)
- The local vectors are Anopheles minimus flavirostris, Aedes poicilius , Culex quinquefasciatus and Ochlerotatus (Finlaya) niveus.
Time and Place:
- Brugia malayi infection is endemic to southwestern Palawan, Sulu, Agusan and Samar.
- Both forms of filariasis (W. bancrofti and B. malayi) coexist in only four provinces: Davao Oriental, Palawan, Eastern Samar and Surigao del Sur.
- Brugia malayi was first confirmed in the Philippines in 1964 – in Palawan (33.1% local prevalence at the time).
- 43 of 63 provinces were endemic for filariasis in 1960; 45 of 77 provinces as of 1996. 1
- In 1984, 20 million persons were considered at risk for filariasis (both W. bancrofti and B. malayi) in the Philippines.
- The local vectors are Mansonia uniformis, Mansonia bonnea and Mansonia dives.
- Mansonia dives is associated with both nocturnally periodic and subperiodic microfilaremia patterns on Palawan.
Mass treatment with diethylcarbamazine and albendazole was administered to 1,945,121 persons during 2001.
- 9,881,124 persons received mass treatment in 2005 ; 10,174,936 in 2006; 13,627,661 in 2007